As eye doctors, we see the effects of diabetes in the eye on a daily basis. The most common complication we see is diabetic retinopathy. With diabetic retinopathy, the retinal blood vessels leak blood, other fluids or show signs of oxygen deprivation, all of which can cause damage to the retina and result in vision loss. As a result of diabetes, we also see other ocular complications such as prescription changes, cataracts and glaucoma.
Here are couple of facts about diabetes:
- Nearly 24 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes.
- Another 57 million Americans have pre-diabetes and are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
- One out of every 3 children (and 1 in 2 minority children) born in the United States today will face a future with diabetes if current trends continue.
- People with diabetes are 25 times more likely to become blind than are people without diabetes.
- Diabetes is the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults.
- Almost half of all people with diabetes will develop some degree of diabetic eye disease.
Things to remember:
- Diabetic eye disease often has no symptoms.
- Early detection and timely treatment of diabetic eye disese can reduce your risk of vision loss and blindness.
- All people with diabetes should have an eye exam at least once a year.